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Brexit checklist for Exporters & Importers

Brexit checklist for Exporters & Importers

If the UK leaves the EU without an agreement, as an importers and exporters of goods in both the North Sea and between the UK and France you need to be aware of the following:

Export procedures

If the UK leaves the EU without an agreement on 31 October 2019, we recommend the following steps in the preparation process for exports.

What you need to do:

1) Register for an Economic Operator Registration and Identification number (EORI) in your country’s customs website.

2) Check if you need a license to export your goods
A comprehensive list of prohibited and restricted goods can be found in your country’s customs authorities’ website.

3) Establish the origin of the goods
Establishing the origin of the goods will help to identify whether they qualify for lower or no customs duty under a tariff preference scheme. For goods produced of materials from more than one country, there are several criteria to follow. See more here or here.

4) Find the commodity (HS classification) code of your goods
You will find guides for this in your country’s customs authority’s website, which will also (in most cases) be able to inform you about possible duties.

5) For each consignment, you must complete a commercial invoice
The commercial invoice should contain the sales price of your goods in order to complete the customs documents.

What we can help you do:

You also need to do the following for each consignment. DFDS has developed a service to assist you with those so you don’t have to worry about these. Please contact your local DFDS contact.

6) Declaring your export to customs
The normal procedure is to use a customs broker or agent for this. DFDS has prepared to be able to offer our customers this service. Please contact your local DFDS office if you want us to assist you with this. An export declarations per consignment must be pre-lodged with customs. The documentation for this has a Movement Reference Number (MRN) which the driver must have in order to be able to enter the port of departure.

7) Relevant documents must be provided for your consignment
The relevant documents may be

  • Commercial invoice
  • Certificates of origin
  • Licenses and certificates (such as for food and plants)
  • The Export or Transit Accompanying Document (EAD) issued by customs

8) The goods must be ‘presented’ to customs
Notification of the arrival of goods at the required location for customs control is referred to as ‘presentation of the goods to customs. ´ Customs will examine the ‘arrival message’ and determine whether the goods have permission-to-progress or need examination etc.

9) Finalise the export entry on the national customs system
Once the means of transport upon which the goods were loaded has physically left the exporting territory, a departure message must be submitted to customs by the ferry operator.

Import Procedures

If the UK leaves the EU without an agreement on 31 October 2019, we recommend the following steps in the preparation process for imports.

What you need to do:

1) Register for an Economic Operator Registration and Identification number (EORI) in your country’s customs website.

2) Find out the commodity (HS classification) code to classify your goods for the import declaration.
Classifying codes can be found in your country’s customs authorities’ website. The codes will tell the amount of duty you pay and whether you need an import or export license for the goods.

3) Establish the origin of the goods
Establishing the origin of the goods will help to identify whether they qualify for lower or no customs duty under a tariff preference scheme. For goods produced of materials from more than one country, there are several criteria to follow. See more here or here.

4) Check for import restrictions or additional requirements
In your local customs website there will be a guide on import restrictions, need for additional requirements or import licenses.

5) For each consignment, determine the value of your goods
The value of the goods is necessary to determine the customs duty applicable. You arrive at the value of the goods by using one of six ways or ‘methods’. See more here.

What we can help you do:

You also need to do the following for each consignment. (DFDS has developed a service to assist you with those so you don’t have to worry about these. Please see more here.

7) Declaring your import to customs
The normal procedure is to use a customs broker or agent for this. DFDS has prepared to be able to offer our customers this service. Please contact your local DFDS office if you want us to assist you with this.

8) Duty and VAT
Possible import duty and VAT depend on the classification of the goods and where they come from. Some goods benefit from a duty suspension regime. Information on this can be found in your country’s customs website

THE PROCESS MAY VARY BETWEEN COUNTRIES AND MAY CHANGE AS NEGOTIATIONS BETWEEN THE UK AND THE EU CONTINUE. WE RECOMMEND THAT YOU VISIT YOUR COUNTRY’S CUSTOMS WEBSITE AND THIS WEBSITE ON A REGULAR BASIS FOR POSSIBLE UPDATES.