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Wales is the land of castles. With over 600 castles and castle ruins, it has more of these impressive and historic buildings to offer than any other country in the world. They're all worth seeing, so of course, the choice is difficult. To help a little in the decision, here is a small selection of particularly beautiful castles.
At the mouth of the River Conwy in North Wales lies the ruins of Conwy Castle. The construction of this huge castle began in 1283 and together with the city wall of Conwy it is still one of the best preserved medieval buildings in the world. From afar, you can see this enormous fortress towering over the city. The sight of the road when driving to Conwy Castle is impressive and the fascination will grow once you walk on the castle walls, climb the towers and explore the many corners of the castle. There's even a few benches placed "strategically" on the walls, so you can enjoy wonderful views in peace.
Caerphilly Castle is located in southern Wales, about 20 minutes by car from Cardiff. The castle was built between 1268 and 1271 and is the largest castle in Wales and the second largest in the UK after Windsor Castle. Exploring this enormous castle is as exciting as the view from one of the towers over the city of Caerphilly and the surrounding meadows and fields. As with all good castle ruins, there are of course stories and legends - the best known of these is the "green lady". According to legend, she is still in mourning for the castle in which her lover was killed.
On the North Wales island of Anglesey stands the ruins of Beaumaris Castle, the last castle built by King Edward I. Construction began in 1295 and was stopped in 1330; thus, Beaumaris Castle is more of a castle site than a castle ruin. Walking on the castle walls and admiring the symmetry of the structure is just as impressive as the view from the castle over the impressive coastal landscape and the foothills of the Snowdonia National Park.
A tip for a trip in the region - only about 10 km away is perhaps the most famous place in Wales: Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch.
At the western edge of the Brecon Beacons National Park is one of the most romantic castle ruins in Wales, Carreg Cennen Castle. This impressive structure was built towards the end of the 12th century and according to legend, the castle is said to have belonged to the mythical king of Uri in the days of King Arthur. Only a few castles have such a spectacular location - overlooking the Black Mountain and the River Cennen, Carreg Cennen Castle perches on cliffs on 100-meter-high cliffs. You do not need to be an athlete to reach the castle - but you should generally be well on foot in order to be able to enjoy the route to the fullest.
Another tip: there is a very interesting tunnel in the castle - do not forget your flashlight!
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