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This will not happen through energy savings and incremental improvements alone. To reach our ambitious target, we must be moving towards a completely new situation for our industry. The types of vessels, how they are operated, how we fuel them, where we get fuel, and how they connect to the necessary infrastructure will be radically different from how we operate today.
Adapting or replacing our fleet is expensive and we are constantly seeking information to be able to make the right long-term decisions to become climate neutral. But we lack information and knowledge about the new kinds of fuels and technologies that will run ships in the not too distant future.
At DFDS we believe that ammonia, hydrogen, and methanol are fossil fuels that will help us achieve climate neutrality.
Along with partners from ABB, Ballard Power Systems Europe, Hexagon Purus, Lloyd’s Register, KNUD E. HANSEN, Ørsted, and Danish Ship Finance DFDS aims to develop a hydrogen powered ferry for the Oslo - Copenhagen route already by 2027. It will be a zero-emission ferry only emitting water.
At DFDS, we seek partnerships and joint ventures with other companies and organisations, to be able to get an even broader pool of knowledge and contacts. We choose to work in partnerships because it gives us access to bright minds working in other organisations. Our many projects within decarbonisation and automation help us qualify our assumptions every day. They also help us understand how the rest of the marine industry and those connected to it go about reducing their emissions.
Changing the type of fuel on which a ship runs is not a decision to be taken lightly. It has a massive impact on all aspects of our industry. Conclusions and choices are difficult to make as climate neutral fuels and technologies are still in their infancy. Some are more sophisticated and market-ready than others but, overall, there is very little out there that you can buy off the shelf and put it into your business to instantly reduce emissions. By doing joint investigative projects, we can go deep into theories and test them, without committing to specific technologies or equipment.
Our biofuel is produced from leftover nut shells. Biofuel is not ideal for shipping but is a cost-efficient way to reduce our environmental footprint here and now, as it requires minimal changes to our ships.