​DFDS Seaways Marine Gas Oil bunker adjustment factor (BAF) policy

New rules on 1 January 2015

On 1 January 2015, the EU Sulphur Directive 2012/33/EU brought about a major reduction in sulphur dioxide emission from ships, and that will heavily impact shipping in northern Europe. The Directive will require ships sailing in the English Channel, the North Sea and the Baltic Sea (the North European emission control area) to use bunker oil with a maximum 0.1% sulphur or apply alternative methods in order to achieve the same effect.

What are the consequences?

The fuel with 0.1% sulphur content is the marine gas oil (MGO), which is significantly more expensive than heavy fuel oil (HFO) with 1% sulphur, which is currently allowed and commonly used inside the North European ECA. As a result, fuel prices increased and so did the costs of shipping. It has been estimated that ships trading within this area consume around 13,000,000 tons of HFO per year. Switching this to 0.1% MGO means an extra cost of about EUR 3 billion per year. It is entirely up to the shipping industry to cover this extra cost.

Based on the above we introduced the new DFDS Seaways MGO BAF from 1 January 2015.

Find more information on the BAF policy here 

March 2018 MGO BAF including spread adjustment: 

February 2018March 2018
Copenhagen-Oslo€/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20182,402,13March 20182,011,77
Amsterdam-Newcastle€/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20182,402,13March 20182,011,77
Gothenburg-Brevik €/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20183,192,83March 20182,662,35
Gothenburg-Immingham €/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20183,192,83March 20182,662,35
Brevik-Immingham€/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20183,192,83March 20182,662,35
Gothenburg-Ghent €/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20183,222,86March 20182,692,37
Cuxhaven-Immingham€/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20182,942,61March 20182,462,17
Esbjerg-Immingham €/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20182,402,13March 20182,011,77
Rotterdam(Vlaardingen)-Felixstowe €/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20180,930,83March 20180,780,69
Rotterdam(Vlaardingen)- Immingham €/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20181,321,17March 20181,100,97
Rosyth-Zeebrugge €/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20184,644,12March 20183,883,42
Klaipeda - Fredericia €/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20182,762,45March 20182,312,03
Klaipeda - Karlshamn€/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20182,352,08March 20181,961,73
Klaipeda - Kiel€/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20184,143,67March 20183,463,05
Kiel - St.Petersburg€/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20187,096,29March 20185,925,22
Paldiski - Kapellskär€/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20181,711,51March 20181,431,26
Paldiski - Hanko€/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20180,920,81March 20180,760,67
Dover - Dunkirk€/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20180,750,66March 20180,630,55
Dover-Calais€/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20180,750,66March 20180,630,55
Brevik-Ghent €/Lnm£/LnmFebruary 20183,222,86March 20182,692,37

The BAF surcharge for each route is adjusted each month based on the average price of 0,1% MGO and the spread towards 3.5% HFO. See details below for the current period.


Measured period20/12-20/0120/01-20/02
The average price of 0,1% MGO, USDUSD 584,70USD 569,09
The exchange rate of USD/EUR1,20411,2372
The average price of 0,1% MGO, EUREUR 485,57EUR 460,00
The price variance of 0,1% MGO, EUREUR 27,41- EUR 25,57